Frequently Asked Questions

Why are fly ashes from waste incineration plants still being dumped in landfills or stored underground for high disposal charges?

Fly ashes contain unbound heavy metals, which can damage the environment and therefore have to be disposed of at high cost in special landfills. The new COSMOS Fenix process binds the heavy metals permanently so that they cannot be washed out and thus remain bound in the product. A new valuable raw material is created.

Why should COSMOS be accepted on the market or by fly ash producers?

The patented process offers fly ash producers the opportunity to choose a more cost-effective and high-quality process for processing. This supports the environmental service branch, conserves natural resources and also saves companies a lot of money. For the processing industry, which can use COSMOS Fenix as an additive, a cheaper alternative to conventional additives is available. As some alternative additives are subject to strong price fluctuations and limited availability due to quasi-monopoly conditions, the industry's added benefit is to obtain certainty of supply and price.

How is COSMOS Fenix financed?

Our goal is to conserve resources. We take over the fly ash directly from the waste incinerators or from waste disposal companies for an additional charge and deliver it to our patented process of inertisation. Following the inertisation and drying process, we have obtained a high quality product which we can sell to the plastic manufacturing industry, for example.

Is the process of COSMOS Fenix patented?

Yes, the patent for Italy has already been granted and patent applications have been filed for the rest of the European Union, the United States and Canada.

A high quality additive is produced from a waste material, is the process dangerous?

Since the manufacturing process is a relatively simple process at low temperatures, in which different materials are mixed together with water and then dried, the process poses no danger and can be classified as very safe.

What possible risks can COSMOS Fenix present?

In the course of the registration with the European Chemicals Agency, potential dangers were extensively addressed. Apart from possible severe eye irritation and respiratory irritation, no other risks of COSMOS Fenix for declaration were found.

Is COMOS Fenix approved as a product?

COSMOS Fenix has been registered with the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) under a PPORD registration number SUB-D-2114311105-69-01/F as a substance subject to product- and process-oriented research and development (PPORD).

Why should products made from waste be accepted on the market?

An extensive survey of more than 160 participants was carried out as part of the EU-funded LIFE project and showed a high acceptance of possible products made of fly ash.

What are the areas of application for COSMOS Fenix in the plastics industry?

So far, we have been able to demonstrate three areas of application for COSMOS Fenix: increasing strength and hardness, fire retardant properties, as well as black colouring.

Why are alternative additives to COSMOS Fenix so expensive for the plastics industry?

Resources are limited, e. g. antimony, an additive with fire retardant properties, is expected to be unavailable within a few years. Also, some aggregates are only available in a few countries, so that they can exercise a quasi-monopoly and control prices and available quantities. COSMOS Fenix was awarded first prize by the Raw Materials Department of the European Institute of Innovation and Technology (EIT Raw Materials) in the Business Ideas Contest Raw Materials in 2016. "EIT Raw Materials" ensures access to raw materials and their availability and sustainable use for the economy and citizens.

Can COSMOS Fenix only be used in the plastics industry?

No, the areas of application are very varied. We initially concentrated on the plastics industry only because it is a very large global market and we see high earnings and growth potential here. Other areas of application for which we have already investigated the possible use of COSMOS Fenix in LIFE projects include the plastics and elastomeric industries, the paint, varnish and coating industry, as well as rubber and ceramics production.

Is the process climate-friendly?

Absolutely! On the one hand, valuable limited resources are conserved and on the other hand, CO2 is permanently bound in the product COSMOS Fenix.

Can COSMOS Fenix be recycled?

Yes, we have carried out extensive tests to prove that it is recyclable.

More than 3.3 million euros were invested in two successive LIFE projects for the development of COSMOS Fenix, much of this by the European Union. Why does the EU support such product development with public money?

The aim was to find an environmentally friendly alternative to the usual disposal of fly ashes. These are currently being disposed of at high cost in landfills or underground storage facilities. The heavy metals contained in the fly ashes should be inertised, i. e. completely bound, so that they do not pose any further threat to the environment. The process should be sustainable, economical and environmentally friendly. These objectives have all been achieved.

In 2017, COSMOS Fenix received an award as the best business idea of the Europe-wide competition of EIT Raw Materials (European Institute for Innovation and Technology). Why was COSMOS Fenix awarded?

EIT RawMaterials, initiated by the EIT (European Institute of Innovation and Technology) and funded by the European Commission, is the world's largest and strongest consortium in the raw materials sector. Its mission is to increase the competitiveness, growth and attractiveness of the European raw materials sector through radical innovation and entrepreneurship. COSMOS Fenix was able to convince the jury and was awarded the first prize.

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